The Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai massive undersea volcanic eruption occurred on the 15th of January 2022 and led to an induced tsunami event. The eruption triggered a tsunami warning for several South Pacific island nations with rising water levels were reported on the coastline of Peru and the Pacific Coast in the United States and caused devastating impact across Tonga. In addition, volcanic ash residue was also visible on land surfaces including building structures and surrounding vegetation.
This dataset contains preliminary impact assessments of the Hunga-Tonga-Hunga-Ha'apai volcanic eruption and induced tsunami in January 2022.
The eruptions sent a plume of ash, gas and steam 20 kilometers (12.4 miles) into the air. Satellite imagery showed a massive ash cloud and shockwaves spreading from the eruption. Ash was falling from the sky in the Tonga capital, Nuku'alofa, Saturday evening and phone connections were down. The eruption was likely the biggest recorded anywhere on the planet in more than 30 years, according to experts.
An assessment of the impact of the earthquake and tsunami on fisheries-related livelihoods in Western Province
On 2 April 2007, a large earthquake and tsunami hit the western Solomon Islands causing varying degrees of damage and disruption to coastal communities. This assessment is focused on immediate damage to and needs of the coastal fisheries, including environment and infrastructure, though the opportunity was taken to assess more general damage and threats to the long term, sustainable recovery of coastal fisheries.
Tropical Cyclone (TC) Pam made landfall in Vanuatu on 13 March 2015, causing severe damage to parts of the country. A post-disaster needs assessment (Esler 2015) completed less than a month after the cyclone highlighted the need for multi-hazard mapping of urban areas and for an action plan to identify safe areas for future growth. The report also emphasised the importance of having a sound scientific basis for predicting hazards and a reliable forecasting system.
This Early Recovery Framework was presented to the Government, donors and the wider community the costed options designed to bring about an early recovery process that was both effective in meeting the needs of the population affected by the 29 September 2009 earthquake and subsequent tsunami, and sustainable in the long-term development of affected communities and the economy of Samoa